Walking through history........
It has been known for quite some time that going for a walk can help you feel better in mind and spirit. It is certainly more common these days that exercise is being suggested to help overcome problems with anxiety, depression, stress and can become a vital 'time out' to process one's day. Mindfulness is massively on the increase since one is now seeing even more evidence for how effective it can be, and walking therapy hopes to help promote and encourage this state of mind. I was interested to learn that Freud had integrated walking and psychotherapy all those years ago, contrary to what people have believed about his methods of working with clients. The process that Freud encouraged in clients was 'free association' where clients could lie down and feel more free to explore their thoughts, as opposed to feeling more restricted to 'open up' sitting directly in front of him.
Freud had seen that with a face to face intervention, some patients at times had trouble being honest with their feelings or expressing their fears. He soon discovered his patients would speak more frankly when face to face eye contact was avoided. Freud started to walk parallel with patients so they would both be facing forward in the same direction and patients now would find this much easier to reveal both conscious and subconscious feelings. For practical reasons like the weather, this is why walking was replaced at times by the couch so the patient would face up and Freud would sit sideways, next to the patient, still avoiding eye contact.
For Freud to have developed the theories that he did he would have certainly kept an open mind to what 'worked best', and I find the truth comforting that in fact he worked as organically as he did with those that he treated, despite what history has sometimes depicted.